Armenian bd History

The Armenian Highlands is the area around Mount Ararat, the highest peak in the region.

A controversial hypothesis put forward by some experts, such as armenian bd T. Gamkrelidze and V. Ivanov, has proposed that the Indo-European homeland lie around the Armenian Plateau.

Modern Armenian madrona languages ​​are often grouped with Greek and Ancient Macedonian ("Helleno-Macedonian") in the Indo-European Pontic sub-group (also called Helleno-Armenian) from the Indo-European lanuguages ​​by Eric P. Hamp in his Indo-European 2012 family trees, groups. [34] There are two possible explanations, not mutually exclusive, for the same origins of Armenian and Greek. see this for more info photography reference

Ancient Greek scholars, such as Herodotus (written around 440 BC), point out that the Phrygians of Western Anatolia, speaking the Indo-European language, has also contributed to the ethnogenesis of the Armenians: "Armenians equipped like the Phrygians, became colonies Phrygian "(7.73) (Ἀρμένιοι δὲ κατά περ Φρύγες ἐσεσάχατο, ἐόντες Φρυγῶν ἄποικοι.). This seems to imply that some Phrygians migrated east to Armenia after the destruction of Phrygia by the Cimmer invasion at the end of the 7th century BC. Greek scholars also believed that the Phrygians belonged to the Balkans, in an area adjacent to Macedonia, where they had emigrated to Anatolia centuries before.
In Hamp's view, the homeland of the proposed Greek-Armenian subgroup is the northeast coast of the Black Sea and its interior. [34] He assumed that they migrated from there to the southeast through the Caucasus with the Armenians who remained after Batumi while pre-Greeks walked west along the southern shore of the Black Sea.
Several genetic studies explain Armenian diversity by some Eurasian mixed populations occurring between ~ 3,000 and ~ 2,000 BC. But the genetic signals of the mixed population stopped after ~ 1,200 BC when Bronze Age civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean world suddenly and violently collapsed. The Armenians have since remained isolated and the genetic structure in the population developed ~ 500 years ago when Armenia was divided between the Ottoman and Safavid Empires in Iran.

In the Bronze Age, some developing countries in Greater Armenia region, including the Hittite Empire (at the height of its power), Mitanni (historic South-Western Armenia), and Hayasa-Azzi (1600-1200 BC). Immediately after Hayasa-Azzi appeared Arme-Shupria (1300s - 1190 BC), Nairi (1400-1000 BC) and Urartu Kingdom (860-590 BC), respectively establishing their sovereignty over the Armenian Plateau. Each of these nations and tribes mentioned above participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenians. Under the Ashurbanipal (669-627 BC), the Assyrian empire reached the Caucasus Mountains (modern Armenia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan).

Yerevan, the modern capital of Armenia, was founded in 782 BC by King Argishti I.

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